3 July 2023

Safeguarding Your Ideas: Retaining and Protecting Your Intellectual Property in the South African Tech Industry

In today’s rapidly advancing world of technology, innovation is the driving force behind progress. For those involved in the tech industry, the protection of intellectual property (IP) is crucial. Intellectual property refers to the legal rights granted to individuals or companies for their creations and inventions. This blog post aims to provide a simple understanding of how to retain and protect your intellectual property within the framework of South African law.

Understanding Intellectual Property:

Intellectual property encompasses various types of intangible assets, including inventions, designs, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets. In South Africa, intellectual property rights are primarily based in legislation. These include parliamentary acts such as the Copyright Act 98 of 1978, the Trade Marks Act 194 of 1993, and the Patents Act 57 of 1978. For the purposes of this blog, we’ll be focusing mainly on copyrights and trademarks.


Copyrights are automatic rights granted to creators of original works, such as software, websites, literature, music, and art. In South Africa, copyright protection arises as soon as an original work is created. There are, however, exceptions that the Copyright Act creates where you create copyright under a contract of service. In those circumstances, the person who engaged you to create the work (so, the company you work for, or the person who hired you to do freelance work for them) would own the copyright in it. This can, however, be varied by contract, which is an important step to take if you want to protect your IP. 


Trademarks play a crucial role in the tech industry, distinguishing one company’s products or services from another. A trademark can be a logo, brand name, slogan, or a combination thereof. Registering a trademark provides exclusive rights to use, license, or sell it within the specified classes of goods and services. The registration process involves filing an application with the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission (CIPC), ensuring that your trademark is distinctive and not already in use by another entity.

Trade Secrets:

Trade secrets are valuable and confidential business information that gives a company a competitive advantage. In the tech industry, trade secrets may include algorithms, formulas, source code, or customer databases. South Africa does not have specific legislation for trade secrets. However, you can protect them by implementing robust confidentiality agreements with employees, partners, and contractors. Non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) can be used to ensure that sensitive information remains confidential.

Confidentiality and Non-disclosure Agreements:

Confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) are vital tools to protect intellectual property. These legal agreements create a contractual obligation for the receiving party to maintain the confidentiality of any disclosed information. NDAs are commonly used when sharing trade secrets, proprietary information, or inventions with potential investors, partners, or employees.

Collaboration and Licensing Agreements:

Collaboration and licensing agreements are often utilized in the tech industry to define the terms and conditions of sharing intellectual property with others. These agreements outline the rights, obligations, and restrictions related to the use, distribution, or modification of the intellectual property. It is essential to seek legal advice to ensure that such agreements adequately protect your interests.

Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights:

Should your intellectual property rights be infringed upon, it is crucial to obtain legal advice before blindly pursuing a course of action. A competent lawyer will be able to assess all the aspects of your matter and give you appropriate advice. In South Africa, you can enforce your rights through civil remedies, such as seeking damages, interdicts, or orders for the infringing party to cease their activities. It is very important to gather evidence of the infringement and provide your lawyer with copies of all correspondence and contracts to guide you through the legal process.


In the dynamic and competitive tech industry, safeguarding your intellectual property is vital for maintaining a competitive edge and preserving the value of your innovations. Understanding the different types of intellectual property, including patents, copyrights, trademarks, and trade secrets, is the first step towards protection. By following the legal procedures and seeking expert advice when needed, South African tech entrepreneurs can navigate the landscape of intellectual property and ensure their ideas remain secure. 

– Written by Christian Tabor-Raeside